A groove cut into the surface along an edge so as to receive another piece.
A curtain wall system in which the outer façade shields, or “screens,” rain from infiltrating the wall cavity, but is not actually sealed. The cavity is pressure equalized with the outside air, avoiding pressure differences that would otherwise draw water into the cavity. Minor amounts of water that penetrate the rain screen are evacuated via weep systems designed into the system.
A mortar joint in which the mortar, while still soft, has been scraped back to a specified dimension with a square-edged tool. It is generally used to accentuate the joint due to the pronounced shadow line produced.
A stone slab of length and width that are not prespecified, but rather determined by the size of the block from which it was cut.
A kerf that includes a second cut at 90° to the kerf axis which accommodates. position of the anchor so that it doesn’t occupy any of the joint region, allowing full movement capability of the joint dimension.
Any feature cut into a stone that is set back or indented from the balance of the stone surface, either to accommodate another element, such as anchorage, or for aesthetic appeal.
A limestone in which a new pattern of crystallinity has pervasively replaced the crystal orientation in the original clastic particles, fossils, or fossil fragments, and interstitial cement.
The process of insitu finishing of existing stonework to return it to its near original appearance.
A narrow groove cut in stone to receive flashing.
Any element, metal, fiberglass, stone, etc. that is embedded in or applied to the stone panel for the purpose of increasing strength.
Carving or embossing raised above a background plane, as in a bas-relief.
One built over a lintel, flat arch or smaller arch to divert loads, thus relieving the lower member from excessive loading.
A leftover portion of a slab that cannot be utilized in the primary project, but is salvaged for possible use in another project.
The line formed by the intersection of two like profiles upon meeting at an interior corner.
Any of a number of clear or translucent substances, either from plant origin or synthetics, used in producing lacquers, adhesives, plastics, polyesters, epoxies, silicones, etc.
A stone patching material supplied as a solid substance and installed in a heated condition to facilitate flowing into surface imperfections to be filled.
A reference to abrasive pads used for hand tool polishing, in which abrasives are embedded in a resin matrix.
Slabs that have been treated with a cosmetic improvement process prior to polishing, in which a resinous adhesive, usually epoxy, is applied to the face of the slab, filling various voids in the stone surface. The resin is cured at elevated temperature, after which it is polished, allowing the resin to remain in the voids. This produces a more cosmetically attractive surface without the interruptions of the natural defects.
Remedial action taken to return an existing installation of stone to its original or acceptable “near original” condition.
The right-angle turn of a stone surface, either a molding or flat, as in a window jamb condition.
The exposed portion of a stone between its outer face and a window or door set into an opening.
Narrow bands of rock within the quarry deposit of contrasting color and/or texture due to varying mineralogical composition.
Direction in which stone splits most readily. Term is most commonly used for granite or other stone without visible stratification or foliation.
Large, irregular shaped stones randomly placed on an embankment to prevent or minimize soil erosion.
1. Geologically, any natural mass of earth material that has appreciable extent.
2. In engineering, solid natural material that requires mechanical or explosive techniques for removal.
3. In the quarry industries, the term stone is more common and means firm, coherent, relatively hard
A rustic finish for veneer stone created with a split or chiseled face, and dressed along the stone’s perimeter to produce convex projection. See also pitch faced.
A reinforcement technique used principally in countertop fabrication where in metal or fiberglass rods are embedded into shallow kerfs in the underside of the stone slab at narrow regions of the countertop, such as the portion in from of a sink. See reinforcement.
A semicircular arch. If built of stone, all units are wedge shaped.
The outermost slab produced when slabs are sawn from a block, having one side sawed and the other rough from the original quarry block face. Also known as “skin.”
A surface finish resulting from the gang or wire sawing process.
A stone finish between smooth machine finish and honed, obtained by mechanical rubbing to a very smooth surface.
A term applied to dimension stone used chiefly for walls and foundations, consisting of stone units that may be highly irregular or partly trimmed or squared, generally with one or more split faces, and selected and specified with a size range.
Rubble stone may be installed randomly or coursed.
Any embellishment done to the joints in stonework, either chamfers or grooves, for the purpose of visually accentuating the joint by increasing the shadowline.